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Major 9 Provisions of Income Tax Act: All You Need To Know

All About 9 Income Tax Act Provisions

“The law of income tax is enriching. As intriguing as it is, the more one learns, the more he seeks to learn”

In the former articles, we discussed the income tax law and now wrote an article concerning the ancillary provisions as included in the Income Tax Act, of 1961 itself. The same act consists of different provisions and most of the tax community is very well known about the actual part of the same provision. But the law is so expanded and developed that there are various ancillary or incidental provisions that many of us for the urge of development of knowledge of tax laws might require to reveal. The article shows the incidental provisions which are necessary for the development of an all-around knowledge and familiarity with tax laws.

Appeal As Per Section 260A to the HC & Section 261 to SC

  1. Under section 260A(1) of the act, an appeal lies to the High Court with respect to the order passed in appeal by the appellate tribunal and only on the substantial question of law. Thus in the cases in which the case is remanded to ITAT by the High Court, could the same be mentioned that the petition will come beneath the High Court post to ITAT has passed the order deciding in favor of or with respect to the taxpayer?
  2. The provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 connecting to appeals to the High Court shall, that might be, apply when appeals to the High Court(Section 260A(7)). It clears the doubts that one might pose as to what is mentioned process to the High Court in the income tax appeal proceedings.
  3. The petition must come beneath the Supreme Court beneath Section 261 from any judgment delivered by the High Court in an appeal against any order passed under Section 254 when the High Court certifies the same to be effective for an appeal to the Supreme Court. The certificate is hence essential and the taxpayer prefers a special leave petition(SLP) if it wishes to challenge the ruling of the High Court.

Instructions to Subordinate Authorities

  • A. CBDT furnishes the Circulars beneath Section 119(1) of the Act which is in the kind of rules to subordinate authorities.
  • B. Under Section 119(2)(a), the CBDT can calm the effect of various provisions including Section 139, 143, 144, 147, etc.
  • C. Under Section 119(2)(b) the CBDT might prevent the real hardships via general or special order authorize any income-tax authority to admit an application or avail any exemption, deduction, refund, or any additional relief beneath the Act beyond the expiry of the period specified by the Act for doing these claim.

Annual Information and Financial Transaction Statement

  • A. via Finance Act, 2020 w.e.f 1-6-2020, the marginal note Annual information statement was inserted, and beneath Section 285BB of the Act, the same is the mentioned income tax authority who will upload in the enrolled account of the taxpayer an annual information statement having these data as may be prescribed. The relevant Rule is Rule 114-I of the Income Tax Rules, 1962. Thus, all information connecting to the payment of taxes, tax deducted or collected at source, pending or completed proceedings shall be furnished in a form called Form No. 26AS.
  • B. Under Section 285BA of the Act, an inter alia assessee is needed to file a statement of financial transaction to the income tax authority. The rule related to it and its form is Rule 114E and Form 61A. Certain transactions are to be notified as composed in the said form.

Appeal Filing or Application for Reference by the IT Officer

The circulars provided by the CBDT for the tax effect are furnished beneath section 268A of the act. Hence these fiscal limits are mentioned for showing the plea via revenue to ITAT, High Court, and Supreme Court, and what is ‘tax effect’ is mentioned in the circulars and the power source to provide these circulars in the mentioned section.

Assessing Tax Authorities

Every tax professional and even laymen have learned about the term ‘Assessing Officer’. It is described beneath Section 2(7A). The report was inserted by the Direct Tax Laws(Amendment) Act, 1987 w.e.f 1-4-1988. But did you know that the Commissioner of Income Tax is not one of the income tax authorities beneath Section 116 who is an assessing officer beneath the act.

Income Taxability

The taxability of the income of the individual relied on the residence of the specified person as per DTAAs. An individual might be a resident in India, not ordinarily resident, or a non-resident and will need to furnish the tax as per that. Section 6 deals with the residents in India. The income tax liability in India shall not come as per the citizenship of the mentioned individual. The individual might be an individual, HUF, company, firm, etc, and is described beneath Section 2(31) of the Act.

PAN Card (Permanent Account Number)

Many people know about the permanent account number(PAN). However various people don’t know about its source or origin. A PAN composes the type of document deriving validity beneath the Income Tax Act, 1961. Section 139A of the Act mentioned the PAN and a PAN is needed for every individual whose total income is more than the amount not subject to tax.

Undertaking Transactions Mode

Under section 269ST of the IT act, no one will obtain the amount of Rs 2 lac or exceeding.

  • i) In aggregate from a person in a day
  • ii) For a single transaction
  • iii) For the transactions connecting to one event or occasion from an individual.

“otherwise than by account payee cheque or account payee bank draft or use of electronic clearing system through a bank account or through such other electronic mode as may be prescribed.” Rule 6ABBA is related and mentioned the payment modes along with the debit card, credit card, UPI, Net Banking, and others. Hence, payments obtained by the individual exceeding Rs 2 lac in cash are restricted.

When an individual does not follow section 269ST he might face a penalty beneath Section 271DA “of a sum equal to the amount of the receipt unless he has good and sufficient reasons for the contravention.”

Appearance by an Authorized Representative

An authorized representative (AR) would not only consist of a name furnished for the counsels and other individuals appearing to ITAT or Commissioner (Appeals). Section 288 of the Act made the term which clarifies that the individual might attend the proceedings prior to these meetings via an approved representative.

Under sub-section 2 it is described as who could be the authorized representative and consists of any individual related to the taxpayer, a lawyer, an accountant, or even an individual timely employed by the taxpayer.

Disclaimer:- "All the information given is from credible and authentic resources and has been published after moderation. Any change in detail or information other than fact must be considered a human error. The blog we write is to provide updated information. You can raise any query on matters related to blog content. Also, note that we don’t provide any type of consultancy so we are sorry for being unable to reply to consultancy queries. Also, we do mention that our replies are solely on a practical basis and we advise you to cross verify with professional authorities for a fact check."

Published by Arpit Kulshrestha
Arpit Kulshrestha seeks higher interests in financial services, taxation, GST, I-T, etc. Writes articles with depth knowledge and is extensive for the same. The resources provide effective articles for the products of SAG infotech which provides taxation and IT software. Writing from observations and researching makes his articles virtuous. View more posts

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